connected, and political theory has a religious and theological motivation. That implies “Al-Mawardi’s Theory of the Caliphate”, Sir Hamilton Gibb has pointed. Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. /) start a discussion philosophically about political ethics and Muslim character First, al-Mawardi influenced by philosophical thought.

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The emperor or Caliph poltiical the spiritual and temporal head of the state, his wishes and whims became law, and he was responsible to none. The moral change is of two kinds: Al-Mawardi is of the view when imam is one elected, he cannot be removed. The appointment of an imam by the consensus of the Muslim community is obligatory.

Further, he made his treatise an inviolable document by reinforcing it with the argument of earlier historical practice, dating back to the time of the Prophet, and by basing it on the opinions of the leading jurists of Islam.

You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. Subscriber Services Contact Us Help. Al-Mawardi, however, does not discuss the election of a licentious person as Imam.

He must be free and adult. The act of rebellion in such an eventuality was not regarded as a crime but as a vindication of the fundamental rights of people.


Chapter 36: Al-Mawardi

Apparently, the citation of this incident in support of a fundamental issue, like that of the Caliphate, is but fake reasoning. He is of the opinion that it is a very respected office therefore, in normal conditions a judge should not be removed from his office. Al-Mawardi was a well known judge of Baghdad. The Quran is very clear and definite about polotical fundamental problems for instance, about the articles of faith, the forms of religious worship, laws of matrimony and inheritance, distribution of booty of war, prohibition of interest, rights mqwardi obligations of husband and wife etc.

The Wazarat of Execution: The election of a less qualified person in the presence of a more qualified person is perfectly legal, provided the former fulfils all the conditions of the Imamate. But when Abbasids came into power, it signaled the victory of the State polity over religious ideology.

Saturday, June 25, They however, took pains to preserve the original pattern of succession b y nomination and limited election within the House of Umayyad.

The Seljuqs In Islamic world: The Imam cannot withdraw the nomination until there occurs in this heir-apparent some important change which legally invalidates hint. The right of franchise is not enjoyed only by the people in the capital. Thus when he tries to demonstrate that the Imam should not indulge in luxurious living and he reminds the readers of the order which God mawatdi to the Prophet David A.

Al-Mawardi says that the institution of Imamat is the need of Shariah and not of reason. The Holy Quran aims at creating an ideal society in which good predominantly prevails over evil and in which the laws of God are generally practiced and obeyed. Al-Mawardi did not elaborate a theory of rebellion and if he wanted to propound a theory, he could have found abundant sanction for it in early thought and practice. He is a jurist and builds on the opinions of his forbears, gives a wider scope to these opinions, and uses his own wisdom to apply them intelligently to the special conditions of his own times.

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Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan al-

There is complete consensus on this point in the Muslim community. In other words, the management of the State machinery throry of basic importance to him. Justice is the very base of a successful state. Nay, it contributed directly to a political theory which encouraged adventurous and ambitious men to impose them on the will of the people with brute force and sheer might.

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Al-Māwardī | Muslim jurist |

Al-Mawardi relies solely upon the Quran without reference to any other source of law. A sovereign is to depend on his ministers. This principle has been elaborated by al-Mawardi with great care and legal acumen. After the period of the Pious Caliph, Caliphate converted into monarchy. This practice of appointing two or more heirs apparent proved to be the greatest political evil in Muslim polity.

Help us improve this article! His powers are equal with the imam but imam is superior in the sense: Khushal 20 July at